Nepal at a Glance
Nepal is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of bio-diversity. Its unique geographical position and latitudinal variation have made Nepal the biggest natural museum in the world. The elevation of the country ranges from 70 metres above sea level to the highest point on earth, Mt. Everest, at 8,848 metres, all within a distance of 150 km with climatic conditions ranging from subtropical to arctic. This wild variation fosters an incredible variety of ecosystem, the greatest mountian range on earth, thick tropical jungles teeming with a wealth of wildlife, thundering rivers, forested hills and frozen valleys.
Within this spectacular geography is also one of the richest cultural landscapes anywhere. The country is a potpourri of ethnic groups and sub-groups who speak over 70 languages and dialects. Nepal offers an astonishing diversity of sightseeing attractions and adventure opportunities found nowhere else on earth. And you can join in the numerous annual festivals that are celebrated throughout the year in traditional style highlighting enduring customs and beliefs.
Nepal Fact File
Area:-147,181 sq. km
Geography:-Situated between China in the north and India in the east, west and south.
Population:-26.6 million (Census 2011)
Ethnic groups:-Over 100 ethenic groups including Newari, Maithili, Bhojpuri, Tharu, Gurung, Sherpa, Kiranti, Limbu speakers Etc.
Languages:-Nepali is the national language. It is also the official language of the country. English is widly spoken by many Nepalese people.
Internet TLD (Top Level Domain):-.np
ISD Calling Code:-00977
Political System:-Federal Democratic Republic.
Religion:-Constitutionally, Nepal is a secular state. Until 2006, it enjoyed the distinction of being the only Hindu Kingdom in the world. Nepalese population is predominantly Hindu, with Buddhists, Muslims, and others constituting the rest. Nepal is renouned for religious/cultural harmony.
Climate:-Nepal has four major seasons, namly: WINTER (Dec. to Feb), SPRING (March-May), SUMMER (June-Aug.), AUTUMN (Sept-Nov.).